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腾飞体育官方网站【gn36i.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。赤峰棵词新能源有限公司(原黔西南肝克尤通讯股份有限公司)成立于1990年,占地面积62215平方米,金汇用户登陆其中生产厂房占地1969平方米,仓库面积占地3427平方米。固定资产3998万元,流动资产1474万元,干部职工共978人,工程技术人员46人。腾飞体育官方网站LiangYangchunXiaoQingwenByLiangYangchun,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCXiaoQingwen,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo45,sIronandSteelIndustryandNecessityforRestructuringofIronandSteelIndustryinShandongProvinceChina,whichstoodatonly128milliontonsin2000,begantogrowatanannualrateofmorethan20%%,%in2008,%,itscrudesteeloutputreached626milliontons,%,itsurbanizationprocesswillgain,spercapitasteelconsumptionisfarbelowthelevelsoftheUnitedStates,Japan,Sossteelindustryasawholewillcontinuetogrow,willslideto5%~10%.Atanaverageannualgrowthrateof5%,srealGDPgrowthcontinuestobefastinthisperiod,itscrudesteeloutputislikelytoriseatanannualrateofmorethan5%.ThesteelindustryisanepitomeofChinasheavyindustryindustry,whichhasoveremphasizedscaleexpansioninrecentyears,,,,,,howShandongssteelindustrywillrestructureitselfandpursueahealthydevelopmentwill,,thatabout16%ofthee,,onlyabout20%ofproductioncapacitiesarelocatedincoastalareas,,t,nomajorgandtransformation,itisimperat,Shandongfactorinput,,Shandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsregionaldistribution,andmo,ShandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsproductstructuresothatthegeneralandbsironandsteelindustryAsShandongssteelindustrywasnotedforamonotonousproductstructureandanirrationalratiobetweenplatesandpipes,therelevantinstitutionsinShandongdesignedapreliminary,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelincitiesofthesteelenterprisesincoastalareaswillrisefrom18%in2006tomorethan50%,buildingalargehigh-end,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentissuedthePlanfortheAdjustmentandRejuvenationofShandongsSteelIndustry(2009~2011).Accordingtotheplan,theprovincescrudesteeloutputwillbecontrolledatabout50milliontonsby2011,theenterpriseswillbereorganized,theoutdatedproductioncapacitieswillbeeliminated,andtheShandongIronand,industrialdistributionwillfocusoncoastalareas,,itn,ShandongProvinceisactivelystrivingtobecomeapi,itisdesignedtoeliminateoutdatedproductio,theprovincess,it,coastalareaswillaccountformorethan40%oftheprovincesproductioncapacitiesandmorethan30%oftheprovince,itisdesignedto,thegroup,,theproductioncapacitiesofJinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanymustbesuppressed,,ShandongIronandSteelGrou,ShandongIronandSteelGroupCompanywil,QingdaoIronandSteelCompanymustberelocatedfrom,JinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanywillgraduallyrelocatetheirremainingproductioncapacitiestocoastalareas.LuWeiShenHengchaoInthepastthreeyearssinceChinapromulgatedthenationalintellectualpropertystrategy,thecountryhasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheStateC,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualpropertyhasexpanded,ualproperty,asintellectualpropertyhasjustbeenincorporatedintotheworkofvarioussectors,thescopeofprotectionhasbeenwidened,andtheimpl,intellectualpropertystrategyimplementationshouldemphasizetheintegrationwithindustrialdevelopment,theimprovementofsystemsandmechanisms,(orthestrategicprogramforshort),use,protectionandmanagementofintel,intellectualpropertyhasplayedagrowingroleineconomic,technological,,Chinahasexpandedthecapacityforthecreation,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualproperty,,thecapacityenhancementisstrongerinthecreationofintellectualpropertythanintheuseofintellectualproperty,thequantitativegrowthofintellectualpropertyisfasterthantheimprovementofquality,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyismoredifficultthanthemanagementofintellectualproperty,andtheimplementationofp,ChinahasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheSt,idated,andint,theenvironmentforintellectualpropertyprotectionhasbecomebetter,,’sinfluencehas,withthequantityoftheintellectualpropertyaccepted,,patentapplicat,trademarkregistrationapplicationswerethehighestintheworldandinventionpat,Chinarankedfourthintermsofinternationalpatentapplications,secondintermsofthegrowthofMadridinternationaltrademarkregistrationapplications,,voluntarycopyrightregistrationsrosefrom134,000to376,000,andcomputersoftwarecopyrightregistrationrosefrom24,520to81,,thefarmproductvarietyapplicationsacceptedrosefrom816to1,206,,newforestplantvarietyapplicationsrose45%,theircapacitytouseintellectualpropertyhasbecomehigher,andtheircon,theratioofpatentapp%andthevalueofregisteredtechnologytradingcontractsrose39%’shighestintermsofPCT(international),ZTEandHuaweirespectivelyrankedsecondandfourthintermsofglobalPCT(international),,%,andcopyright-h,,theLawonIntangibleCulturalHeritagehasbeenenactedandtheLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonInfringementLiabilityhasclearlyincludedcopyright,patentrightandtrademarkrightintothesc,theImplementingRulesforthePatentLaw,theCopyrightLawandt,atotalof76lawseenforcementhasbecomehigher,thejudicialprotectionofintellectualpropertyhasbeenimproved,andadministrativee’scourtshavecoveredalllegalspheresofintellectualproperty,includingcivil,cordingtotheirfunctions,,,Chinahaslau"blueskyaction",the"mountaineagleaction",the"thunderboltaction",andthe"skynetaction".Theintensifiedcrackdownshaveincre,theStateCouncillaunchedaspecialactiononintellectualp,thisspecialactionhaspreliminarilycontainedrightsinfringementsandthespreadoffakeandinferiorgoods,,year,thetrialdurationforreconsideredcaseshasbeenshortenedto12months,,thedurationofpatentexaminationbecameslightlyshorter,thedurationofinventionpatentexaminationwasstabilizedat24months,andthedmonthsto3months,andthedurationofpatentreconsiderationcaseconclusionandpatentnullifieencompletedtocoverthewholeprocessofpatenthandling.。

    ByYuanDongming,GeneralOfficeofDRCandLiGuangqian,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo132,2012Inrecentyears,themarkethaswitnessednumerouscasesofunusualfluctuationofthepricesofChineseherbalmedicines,remaithaviewtostraighteningupthemarketandforthepurposeoffocusingontheestablishmentofasingleandspecializedmarketandtheformationofthe"individuality+multiplicity",significantchangeshavetakenplaceinthemarketcircumstancesfortheoperationoftheherbalmedicines,andinnovationshionmodelandactivelyboosttheimprovementofthemarketsystem,thetransformationofthespecializedmarketandthechangeofmeansofsupervisionsoastolayafoundatihineseherbalmedicinemarkethasexperiencedthreephasesofdevelopmentsincetheimplementationofreformandopeninguppolicy:(before1994)Aftertheimplementationofthereformandopen-doorpolicy,thetransitionoftheproduction,operationandsalesofherbalmedicinalproductsfromunderthepreviousplannedeconomysystemtothepresentmarketeconomysystemgreatlyboostedthecultivationandtradingofherbalmedicinalmaterials,,over100herbalmedicinemarketstookshapespontaneouslyacrossthecountry,dthedecoctionpieces(preparedherbalmedicineinsmallpiecesreadyfordecoction)theherbalmedetsandthemarketmanagementwasterriblyimperfect,leadinoducts,severelyimpairingt(1994~2003)ItwasputforwardintheUrgentCircularoftheStateCouncilonFurtherStrengtheningthePharmaceuticalAdministrationWorkpromulgatedin1994thatthespecializedherbalmedicinemarketsshouldberectifiedandstandardized,andin1995theStateAdministrationofTraditionalChineseMedicine,StatePharmaceuticalAdministration,MinistryofPublicHealthandtheStateAdministrationofIndustryandCommercejointlyformulatedtheSta,variouslocalitiesacrossthecountrystraighteneduptheirrespectiveherbalmedicinemarketsaccordingtotheStandardsandclosedtheineligibleones,andexercisedr,116illegalmedicinalfairtrademarketshadbeenbannedoneafteranotherthroughoutth  (since2003)Withthefurtherdevelopmentofthemarketeconomyandtheever-growinglaw-enforcementandsupervisionefforts,theobsoletemeansofexchangeonthespecializedmarketsturnedoutmaladaptiveandthemarketswereencumberedbyanumberofprevailingproblems,suchasmanagementchaos,operationbeyondthedesigna,theStateFoodandDrugAdministrationmadesamplinginspectionoftheherbalmedicinalmaterialssoldonspecializedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheamountofdefectiveproductsreachedashighas31%,ofwhichthedefectiveproductsofsomevarietiesevensurged83%,withbothperc%,theStateFoodandDrugAdministration,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theStateCouncilOfficeforRectifyingIllegalMarketOrdersandtheGeneralAdministrationforIndustryandCommercestartedthespecialrectificationof17specializedmarketsandotherillicitfairtrademarketsnationwide,withthefocusbeingmadeontheenh,theherbalmedicinemarketshaveplayedanimportantpartinenliveningmedicinecirculation,increasingfarmers,thenumberofpermanentpersonnelinvolvedinherbalmedicinesin17specializedmarketshastopped100,,thesp,withthedevelopmentoflocally-supportedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheexpansionofthemarketdemand,,thereareover100specializedmarketsandthousandsoffai,circ,somelargemanufacturersofdecoctionpiecesandherbalmedicinesaremakingpurchasesdirect,moderninformationizedmeanshaveexpeditedtheparturitionofmanynewherbalmedicinecirculationpatterns,suchaschainoperation,onlinetransactionandfuturestrading.ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo17,2013(Total4266)Recently,withbankfinancialproductsbecomingahotspottopicinChina,,thedefinition,connotationandmeaningoftheshadowbankinggivenbytheinternationalfinancialcirclearecloselylinkedwiththeeconomicandfinancialstructures,differentstagesoffinanciald,managingdirectorofPacificInvestmentManagementCompany(PIMCO),,theinternationalf:ScopingtheIssues,aresearchreportpublishedbyFinancialStabilityBoard(FSB)inApril2011,shadowbankingrefersto"asystemofcreditintermediationthatinvolvesentitiesandactivitiesoutsidetheregularbankingsystem,andraisessystemicriskaswellasregulatoryarbitrageconcerns."Factorsfortheshadowbankingtotriggersystemicrisksmainlyinclude:maturitymismatch,liquiditytransformation,arly,thestructuresoftheshadowbankingarevariedduetothevarietyoffinancialstructures,differentdevelopmentstagesoffinancntermediationsystemconductedthroughriskdiversificationandleverageenlargementcenteredonsecuritizationofmoneymarketfundssuchasinvestmentfundsandinvestmentbanks,whereasshadowbankinginEuropemainlyincludespresentfinancialsystemlikethoseholdingadominantpositionihadowbankingfromdifferentperspectivestocorrespondtothepresentChinesefinancialmarket,whichgenerallyincludesfourscopes:thenarrowestscope,whichmakesshadowbankingtoonlyinvolvebankfinancingbusinessandtrustcompanies;thenarrowscope,whichinvolvesbankfinancingbusinessandsuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsastrustcompanies,financecompanies,autofinancingcompanies,financialleasingcompaniesandconsumerfinancecompanies;thewidescope,whichinvolvessuchform-basedbusinessasthenarrowscope,inter-bankbusinessandentrustedloans,aswellassuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsasfinancingassurancecompanies,petty-loancompaniesandpawnshopsandsoforth;thewidestscope,ttentionandiscurrentlythemostprevalent,namely,thenon-bankfinancialinstitutionssuchasbankfinanropeandtheUnitedStatesBasedonabove-mentioneddefinitionandfeaturedescription,andinlinewiththeperformanceoftheshadowbankingsystemintheinternationalfinancialcrisis,scopingtheshadowbankingshouldmainlyincludethefollowingthreeaspects:First,whethe,shadowbankingintheUnitedStatesandEurope,suchasthehedgefund,hadnotbeenmonitoredtothefulland,propelledbysuchfinancialinnovationsascounterpurchaseandassetsecuritization,suchinstitutionshadconstantlyexpande,whethershadowbankingischaracterizedbymaturitymismatchandhigh-leverageoperation,,theshadowbankingliabilitiesintheUnitedStatesandEuropewerefocusedonshort-termwholesalefinance,suchastheinter-banklendingandcommercialbills,butinvestmentsweremadeinprotractedandpoorlymobileassetssuchasassetsbackedsecurities,,thebalancesheetsofthemajorUSinvestmentbankshadexpandeddrastically,evenwiththeaverageleveragescoringa40-foldincreaseorsoand,duringthecrisis,theferociousde-,whethershadowbankingisofrelevanceandinfectiousness,,theshadowbankingsystemhadcorrelatedwiththecommercialbankingsystembymeansofbusinesscontactandequityinvestmentinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,spreadingthecrisis-incurredrisksquicklyfromtheshadowbankingsystemtothetrad,althoughthedrivingforcebehindtheemergenceoftheshadowbankingsysteminChinaisbasicallyaimedattheregulatoryarbitrageandisalsocharacterizedbyliquiditytransformationandcreditrisks,andalthoughsomeriskcontrollinksshouldbestrengthened,theshadowbankingsystemhasbeenbroughtundertheregularsupervisionsystemonthewholeandisnottypicallycharacterizedbythehighleverageandthematuritymismatchthatmaytriggersystemicrisksand,meanwhile,thesizeofthesaid,,thebankfinancialproductsfallwithinthestatisticalrequirementsenforcednowbysupervisiondepartments,theperformanceofthefinancialproductsissuedbycommercialbanksshouldbesubmittedtosupervisiondepartmentsatregularintervals,andtheparticularsofthefinancialproductsshouldalsobesubmittedtmmercialBankspromulgatedin2005andtheMeasuresonManagementofSalesofFinancialProductsofCommercialBanksimplustcompanies,includingaccessmanagementandcapitalregulation(MeasuresonManagementofNetCapitalofTrustCompanydemandsthatthetrustcompaniesnetcapital-to-riskcapital-ratioshouldsurpass100%).ConstrainedbysuchrulesandregulationsastheMeasuresonManagementofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theProvisionalMeasuresontheAssessmentofIndicatorsMonitoringRisksofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theMeasuresfortheImplementationofAdministrativeApprovalsforNon-BankFinancialInstitutions,theMeasuresonManagementofAutoFinancingCompaniesandthePilotMeasuresonManagementofConsumerFinanceCompanies,thesupervisioncompanies,withreferencetotheregulatoryrequirementsovercommercialbanks,havesetupacompletesetofprud,Chinasshadowbankingsystemindependentlyandrelevantinformationshouldbedisclosedfullytomatcheverysumoffundswithcorrespondingassetsandtoenableeachearningstocovertherisksonthewhole(AccordingtoWinddata,theanticipatedannualrateofreturnonbanks%,%,andwithinthesame6-monthperiod,%%respectively;accordingtoSB,anAmerican-fundedsecuritytrader,onlylessthan10%ofthefinancialproductsyieldaninterestratehigherthan5%).Hence,risksoffinancialproductsshouldbebasicallyclosetothoseofsimilarinvestmentproductsiseway,thetimelimitforover90%oftheassetsisgenerallywithin5years,andthedegreeofm,currentlytrustcompaniesinChinashouldnotoperateonborrowingsandcannotgiveloanstobankseither,,thetrustfundsarebeingoperatedinaseal-offway,,highleverageandmaturitymismatcharenotthefeaturesofthetrustfunds....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米LiangYangchunXiaoQingwenByLiangYangchun,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCXiaoQingwen,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo45,sIronandSteelIndustryandNecessityforRestructuringofIronandSteelIndustryinShandongProvinceChina,whichstoodatonly128milliontonsin2000,begantogrowatanannualrateofmorethan20%%,%in2008,%,itscrudesteeloutputreached626milliontons,%,itsurbanizationprocesswillgain,spercapitasteelconsumptionisfarbelowthelevelsoftheUnitedStates,Japan,Sossteelindustryasawholewillcontinuetogrow,willslideto5%~10%.Atanaverageannualgrowthrateof5%,srealGDPgrowthcontinuestobefastinthisperiod,itscrudesteeloutputislikelytoriseatanannualrateofmorethan5%.ThesteelindustryisanepitomeofChinasheavyindustryindustry,whichhasoveremphasizedscaleexpansioninrecentyears,,,,,,howShandongssteelindustrywillrestructureitselfandpursueahealthydevelopmentwill,,thatabout16%ofthee,,onlyabout20%ofproductioncapacitiesarelocatedincoastalareas,,t,nomajorgandtransformation,itisimperat,Shandongfactorinput,,Shandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsregionaldistribution,andmo,ShandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsproductstructuresothatthegeneralandbsironandsteelindustryAsShandongssteelindustrywasnotedforamonotonousproductstructureandanirrationalratiobetweenplatesandpipes,therelevantinstitutionsinShandongdesignedapreliminary,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelincitiesofthesteelenterprisesincoastalareaswillrisefrom18%in2006tomorethan50%,buildingalargehigh-end,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentissuedthePlanfortheAdjustmentandRejuvenationofShandongsSteelIndustry(2009~2011).Accordingtotheplan,theprovincescrudesteeloutputwillbecontrolledatabout50milliontonsby2011,theenterpriseswillbereorganized,theoutdatedproductioncapacitieswillbeeliminated,andtheShandongIronand,industrialdistributionwillfocusoncoastalareas,,itn,ShandongProvinceisactivelystrivingtobecomeapi,itisdesignedtoeliminateoutdatedproductio,theprovincess,it,coastalareaswillaccountformorethan40%oftheprovincesproductioncapacitiesandmorethan30%oftheprovince,itisdesignedto,thegroup,,theproductioncapacitiesofJinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanymustbesuppressed,,ShandongIronandSteelGrou,ShandongIronandSteelGroupCompanywil,QingdaoIronandSteelCompanymustberelocatedfrom,JinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanywillgraduallyrelocatetheirremainingproductioncapacitiestocoastalareas.。

    澳门mgm集团国际手机登录ByWangHui,GeneralOfficeofDRC,andJiaTaoWangJicheng,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo82,2012Currently,Chinaspolicytowardsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)hasscoredsomesuccessinrelievingburdensandovercomingdifficulties,includingreductionoftaxesandfees,subsidygranting,easingoffinancialstraitsandimprovementofbusinessenvironments,,skilltrainingandbusinessstartuptraining,heirmanagementofhumanresourcesandraisetheirmanagementlevels,butalsoanimportantchannelforimprovingtheskilltrainingandvocationaleducationsystem,nurturingmanagementpersonnelandimprovingworkersqualities,whichareofvitalimportancetoSMEsinenhancingtheirabilitiesforexistence,,trainingservicestoSMEsareofspecialstrategicimportancetotheimplementationofthestrategyofreinvigoratingChinathroughhumanresourcedevelopment,theconstructionofChinaintoaninnovation-orientedcountry,theaccelerationofthedevelopmentofburgeoningserviceindustries,theconstructionofharmoniousindustrialrelationsandthebo,SMEsrrvicesystemforSMEsisanimportantmeansforimprovingthedevelopainingservicesystemforSMEsisacompletesystemwhichincludesSMEsasdemanders,traininginstitutionsassuppliers,variouskindsoftrainingorganizationssuchasskilledworkersschools,aswellasgovernmentservicedepartments(institutions)ascoordinatorsforSMEsandrelevantpolicyresources,,withthegradualimprovementofpoliciestowardSMEsandinneedoftheenterpriserestructuringandupgradingandmarketcompetition,rapidprogresshasbeenmadeinChinainthegrowthoftrainingservicestoSMEs,andabusinessstartupandtrainingservicesystemhastakenshapeinitiallyunderthepositiveguidanceofboththeCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernments,withthewideparticipationbysocializedtrainingentitiesaswellasthesoundinteractionbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket,coveringskilltraining,,over11millionSMEshaveregisteredinChina,withtheself-employedinexcessof34million,mostofwhicharesmallinscale,,agrowingnumberofenterpriseshavefullycometorealizethatpersonneltrainingcanhelprealizemanagementenhancement,technologicalprogressandimprovementofeffectivenes(PrivateEnterprises)conductedbythecityofWuxiindicatesthatin201082%ofsurveyedenterprisesintendedtogivevocationaltrainingtotheiremployeesandthepercentageofsuchenterprisesreached98%,businessmanagement,marketingandprofessionalskillsaccountedfor47%,38%and22%,,by2010,thesizeofthebusinessmanagementandtrainingservicemarkethadreachedtheamountof75billionyuanorsoinChinaandmaintainedanaverageannualgrowthof25%oraboveonthewhole,%,particularlyformanagementtrainingandaredesiroustotaptheirmanagementpotentials,enhancetheirmanageme,theycanbedividedintothreetypes:first,trainingcompanieswithcorporatecapacities,whicharemarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;second,institutions,suchasskilledworkersschoolsandprofessionalschools,whichareanimportantintegralpartofChinasvocationaleducationsystemandaremarket-orientedandprovidecommercialtrainingservices;andthird,non-profittraininginstitutionssetupb,trainingcompanies,focusedmainlyonmanagementtraining,canprobefullyintoenterprisedemandandarebettermarket-adaptedand,byadoptingsuchservicepatternsasinternaltraining,openclasses,distanceeducationandjudgmentandconsultationinaflexibleway,canbettermeetthepersonalizeddemandsofenterprises,,000managementtrainingcompaniesinChina,rt,thetraininginstitutions,suchasskilledworkersschools,havearelativelygoodnumberofteachersandarecenteredonskilltraining,tupforboostingemploymentandmeetinglocaldemandforspecifichard-sough,therehadbeen2,988skilledworkers;therehadbeen3,192jobtrainingcentersand20,000privately-runtraininginstitutions,,thenumberofsuchinstitutionshadreached525,andnearly1/3oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshavepreliminarilysetupservicesystemsatprovincial,,dependentontheirresourcesanddiplomaeducation,manycollegesanduniversitiesandresearchinstitutionsprovidetrainingservicesmainlyforentrepreneursofSMEsandforhighermanagementpersonneland,suchservicesare,inessence,animportantro,theCentralGovernmentandthelocalg,manyplaceshaveunveiledpersonnelplansandpoliciesondevelopmentofSMEsandhavetakeninnovationmethods,rationalizingofmechanismsandenla,theCentralGovernmentandlocalgovernmentshavegivensomebasicandnon-profittrainingactivities,suchastheGalaxyTrainingProgrambytheCentralGovernment,ExpertiseUpdatingProgramandtheManagementUpgradingPlanforSMEs,stypesofentrepreneurs,andShenzhenhascarriedouttrainingofleadingtal,Chinahas,atpresent,initiallyformedthetrainingservicesystemforSMEs,reflectingthepositiveresultsachievedinrecentyearsthroughtheimplementati,hugeandurgenttrainingdemandfromSMEshasbeenarealisticbasis,supportandinputfromtheCentralGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentshavebeenanimportantguarantee,andtheunremittingmodelinnovationbytraininginstitutionsparticularlybymarket-orientedtrainingenterpriseshasbeenthesourceofvitality.,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.Figure2GlobalAcreagesofMainGMCropCultivation1996~2009(millionhectares)Source:CliveJames,companiesaredominatingagro-biotechnologies,anddevelopedcountriesaredomi,morethan70%ofinsectresist,Bayer,Vanguard,(oneofthemostimportantinsectresistantgenes)whichhasbeenauthorizedbyChina,%ofweedkillerresistantgenesarecontrolledbyMonsanto,Bayer,,,theglobalmarketshareoftheworldtop10seedcompaniesrosefrom37%in1996to57%,Monsanto,DuPont-Vanguard,SyigentaandBayertogetheraccountedfor41%,theworldslargestseedcompany,nowdominatesthemarketsofsoybean,maize,rape,sPolicyonGMFCommercializationSincethe1990s,theChinesegovernmenthasbeencautiousaboutthecommercializationofGMcropsandespeciallythemainfoodcropssuchasrice,,ChinapromulgatedtheRegulationsontheAdministrationof,ChinahasformallyapprovedthecommercialproductionofGMcotton,tomato,sweetpepper,petunia,,"foodcrisis",however,China,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncilexaminedandapprovedinprincNovember2008aga,theMinistryofAgricultureapprovedthesafetycertificateforthreeGMvarieties,namelytwoGMricevarieties(Huahui-1andBtShanyou-63)andoneGMmaizevariety(BVLA430101).Thethreevarietiesmaygoforcommercialproductionafterobtainingthecertificateofvarietyapproval,,thePartyCentralCommitteesaidcommercializationofnewGMvarietieswouldbepromote,thepolicyonmainGMFvarietiesislikelytoswitchfromsGMFCropCommercializationThefirst-biotechnologyindustry,ssoonaspossibletoacceleratethedevelopmentofChinagncapitalcontroloverChinasseedindustryandbeharmfultothedevelopmentofChinaecologicalenvironmentandhumanhealth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.腾飞体育官方网站重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByLiuShijin,Vice-MinisterofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,sEnergySupplyMoreInsecureTheextensiveconcernoverunityisasufficient,reliable,multi-channelandaffordablesupplyofoilandnaturalgasandanavailabilityofsuffic,,electricity,nucts,politicalinstabilityinenergy-producingcountriesandsecuritythreatstoenergyfacilities,,itsdependenceratioonforeigncrudeoilhasskyrocketedfrom6%in1993to45%in2006andmorethan50%snaturalgimportedenergy,Chinaisalwaysahighlypassiveacceptorandfindsitdifficulttoaenergysupplysecurity,someofthembeingimpossiblewhenChinawasclosedtotheoutsideworld.--ilandotherenergyproductsandrefusestoincreasesupplybytakingadvantageofitsopeningup,--,globalenergysupplyoffersamuchwideranddiversifiedspaceintermsofregions,sourcesandvarieties.--Commoninterestswi,somecountriesmayverywellcauseinsecuritytoChinahopeningupinenergyproduction,transport,saleanddemand,thecompetitorswillhavetofaceh,refusingtocooperateconstitutesabasicconditionforbothsidestofeelinsecure.--Promotingtechnologicalexchangeandcooperationinenergysupply,energyconservationandnewproductdevelopmentandencouraginginnovationscanincreaselongandmedium-termenergysecurity.--sworld,theenergyandecon,andenergysecurity,whichisinter-relatedandhighlyexclusive,lengeofenergysecurity,andstayingawa,higherdependenceonforeignenergiesandespeciallyonforeignoilwhenacountryope,ratherthannarrowed,thespacetoensureChinarityhavebeenvisiblyincreased,,China,thedependenceonforeigncrudeoilismorethan60%fortheUnitedStatesand100%,avoidtheunfavorableones,andconsolidatethecornerstoneofChinareitsenergysecurityinthenewsituationofopeningup,Chinamustproceedfromitspracticalconditions,earnestlystudyanddrawoninternationalexperiences,andidentifyseveralstrategicpriorities.--,buttospreaseoilsupplyfromCentralAsia,ghydropower,nu--,Chinamaycooperatewithint,,storage,,Chinashouldencouragejoint-,morethanhalfofChina,theinterestsofforeigninvestorsandtheirhomecountrieswillinevitablybeaffected.ByXuXiaoqing,LiuShouying,WuZhenjunLiaoBingguang,ResearchTeamon"SupplyandDemandofAgriculturalProducts,CostFluctuationandRegulatoryPoliciesinChina",ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo56,2012Overthenextdecade,theindustrialization(includingland,laborforceandcapital),thechangesofpopulationagestructure,andthefurthertransformationandpromotionofhouseholdconsumptionpatterns,farmingactivitiesandthesupp,therelationsbetweensupplyanddemandofagriculturalproductswillexertgreaterandmoredirectimpactuponthestabilityofurbanandruralresidents’iculturalproducts,thispaperwillraiserelatedpolicyoptionsfort,theams,theupsurgeoftheproductioncostsofmajoragriculturalproductsduringearly1990ssloweddowninthemid-andlaterperiodandatsomepoint,,,from2003to2010theupwardtrendsof(15mumakeonehectare),%.%%.%.%%.%%%.Amongthefoodcrops,%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.Theaverageannualgrowthoflandcostswasupby14%.%%.%.Amongthesecosts,thematerialandservicecostsgrewatanaverageannualgrowthof8%%%.%%%.Thelandcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.Incontrasttothesituationoffoodcrops,therisingcostsandcoststructurec%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.Thelaborcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%%%.Theaveragetotalcostsofproductionoftwooil-bearingcrops(peanutandrapeseed)%.Amongthesecosts,%anditsshareintotalcostsdroppedfrom42%%.%%%.%%%.ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo25,2013(Total4274)sMonetaryEnvironmentHasExperiencedProfoundChangesCurrencyalwaysplaysitsroleinoseconomyisundergoingthecriticalrestructuringinatransitionalstage,,thecurrencysupplyandtherela,Chinashouldpayclose,theeffectivemonetaryregulationandcontroltools,especiallythepricecontroltools,shouldbedevelo,thereliableestimateforthechangedmonetaryenvironmentandtheadjustmenttotheformercontroltoolsandintensityshouldbemadetoensurethatthecurrencyspcedtheimport-orientedoneTheexchangeratesystemisanimportantfactorinfluencingChina,China,theincreaseofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangewasalorforeignexchangeandthebasiccurrencyincreasekeptover100%;theratioevenreached324%,Chinawithdrawsandfreezestheexcessivebasiccurrencyinthemarketbyusingcen%,Chinastarted,,accountingfor27%,easingandreducetheloan-depositratioofbanks,hencerestrictingbanks,banksareforcedtointensifytheexpsM2moneysupplyismainlyachievedthrou,thefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeaccountedfor40%-70%andsuchpercentageofloansfluctuatedbetween60%and80%.Thesum-totalofthetwopercentageexceeded100%,Chinawithdrewsomemoneysupplyinthemarket,,,thetotal-sumofthetwopercentageswasaround100%,thenewlyincreasedcreditsaccountedforabout80%whiletheincreasedfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangesawasubstantialdecrease,leavingthesum-totalofthetwofactorslessthan100%,Chinahadtorelyonmoremoneysupplymeanssuchasreducingthescaleofcentralbankbills,increasingpublicmoneyissue,entdirectlytotheforeigntradeenterprises(smallandmedium-sizedcompaniesincluded).However,whentheamountofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangedecreased,themoneysupplyreturnedtobedrivenmainlybyalfinancingstructureAsthemarket-basedinterestrateandtheeasedmarketaccessfacilitatetheintegrationofdifferentmarkets,China%,arecordlow,%%,,nslikesmallloancompanies,guaranteecompanies,pawnshops,peer-to-peer(P2P)lendingcompanies,%%attheendof2012,thesum-totalofthepercentagesinbondandstockfinancingofsuchenterprisescontinuedtoincreasefrom14%%squantitativecontroltoolsbecomelesseffective,,Chinashouldmakethemarketmoresensitivet,moneysupplyandsocialfinancingwererelativelyeasedcomparedtotheGDPandinflationin2012,thesmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswerech,largenumbersofenterpriseshavingtroubleincashflowcouldacquirehigh-costfundsthroughsociallendingchannels,,thelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterpriseswithhugefunddemsin2012,,,accountingfor23%.,,theloan-to-depositratio,andthecapitaladequacyratio,bankstendtohavealimitedcre,thefinancingdifficultyandthehighfinancin,relevantdepartmentsshouldmakejointeffortstolowerthelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterprisesoccupationfohinaseconomyhassteppedintoanewdevelopmentstage,whichcanbedemonstratedintheoutstandingstructural(aperiodic)%since2002,buttheratedroppedaround20%,theratiooflong-andmedium-termbankloansalsosufferedacontinuousdroptoabout18%bytheendof2012whilethenon-financialenterprisesevensawa,thecapitaldemandsinChineseinfrastructureandrealestatewilltakeonadownwardtendencyduetothecapitalrestraints,whichrequiresChinatoseekforneweffectivefunddemands....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.——Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2012andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthefirsthalfof2012,theeconomicperformanceinChinacontinueditsdownwardtrend,characterizedbymarkedfluctuations,declinedbenefits,increasedrisksandunstableexpectations,sandvolatileglobaleconomyandmoreimportantly,itreflectstheoverlayeffectsoftheshort-termdestockinganddeleveraging,andthetransitie-tuning,,forthcomingmacro-controlshouldsticktothegeneralprincipleof"makingprogresswhilemaintainingstability"topreventhigherrisksofeconomicbubblearisingfromover-stimulationan,greatattentionshouldbegiventothelinkagebetweenshort-termandmedium-andlong-termpolicieswhileeffortsinsystemreformandinstitutionalinnovationshouldbemultipliedtounleashgrowthpotential,promotesmoothtransitioninthecourseofeconomicgrowth,sEconomicPerformanceintheFirstHalfof2012Sincethebeginningoftheyear,domesticandexternaldemandgrowthhassloweddown,withdecreasedproductionvitalityandincompletecapacityutilization,andeconomicoperationcontinueditsdownwardtrend,.Short-termdrasticfluctuationsinexportFromJanuarytoMay2012,China,%%%,theLaborDayandtheDragonBoatFestival,suchwidefluctuations,whichhavebeenveryrareinrecentyears,canbeattributedtothefollowingreasons:thevolatilityoftheEuropeaneconomy,set-backsininternationaleconomicrecovery,instabilityofmarketexpectationsandthetendencyofshort-termordersinChina,theexportofphotovoltaic,chemicalfertilizerandnewele,asChinaseconomicperformancehasbecomeanimportantindicatorfortheoutsideworldtotakestockoftheglobaleconomyandbulkcommodityprices,thecontractionofdomesticdemandandtheslowdowninimportgrowthhavealsoindirectnuary,thedecelerationinthegrowthrateofChinasindustrialvalue-addedoutput,majorindustrialproductionandpoweroutputhasonthewholeexceededthedeclineininvestment,nterprises,whichheldpessimisticexpectationsoffutureeconomicgrowth,hadaccordinglydecreasedtheinventoered,monetaryconditionsimprovedandmarketinterestratescontinuedtodecline,,medium-andlong-termloansaccountedforasignificantlylowerproportionthanthehistoricalaverageandtheasset-liabilityratioofenterprisesalsodecreased,indicatingthattheenterpriseslackmotivationtomakeinvestment,lindustries,theproblemofovercapacityhasextendedfromsteel,electrolyticaluminium,cementandautomobilesectorstothecoke,calciumcarbide,ironalloy,coppersmelting,,duetoavarietyofstimuluspoliciestoboostinvestmentinmanyareas,productioncapacityexpandedrapidlyandtheindustriesofcarbonfibre,windpower,polycrystallinesilicon,ineincorporateprofitswhilethebusinessmodelwascha,%overthesam%;%,%tfivemonthsof2012,up-scaleindustrialvalue-addedoutputintheeast,northeast,%,%,%%,withitsroleinboostingtheoveralleconomysignificantlyweakened;thegrowthrateofthecentralregioncontinuedtodecline,gdirectorsofprovincialandmunicipalresearchcenters,theeconomicsi,owingtothedeceleratingexportgrowth,industrialproductionfelldrasticallyinareasclusteredwithexport-orientedindustries;economicgrowthandefficiencybothdroppedsignificantlyinprovinceswhereresource-basedindustriesandheavychemicalindustriestakeupahighproportion;economicvitalitypickedupinareasconcentratedwithrelocatedenterprises;andregionswhereindustrialtransformationandupgradingmmecitiesNationally,thegrowthrateofnewhousingconstructionhasbeenhigherthanthatofpropertysalesfor25consecutivemonths,andinvestmentgrowthinrealestatehasbeenfastert,,,againstthegeneraldownwardtrend,ductionintherealestatepurchasecosthastosomeextentchangedpeopleundedsignificantly,whichgaverisetotheincreasinglyprominentproblemofi,thepotentialproblemofhousingpricereboundcannotbeignored.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByWangZhonghong,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomy,ShengChaoxun,ReminUniversityofChinaResearchReportNo70,tyofagriculturalproductsThequalitysocessesfromproductionofagriculturalproductsallthroughtothecirculationandconsumptionoftheproducts,improvethetraceabilitysystemforthesafet,thecityofJiangyinhassetupthe"defect-freemeat"traceabilitysafetyinformationplatform,thusrealizingeffectivegovernmentsupervisionoversuchlinksascultivation,,humidity,air-sensitivityandillumination,theHuishanFineVegetableParkofWuxihasuseditssensornetworkcontrolsystemtoconductdigitalizedcontroloverallprocessesofvegetablegrowthtoensurethevegetableproductionis"environment-friendlyandorganic".ricultureUsingInternetofthingstotransformthetraditionalagriculturecanbringaboutaccuratecontrolovertheuseoffarmchemicals,waterandfertilizeraswellasoveranimalhusbandryandaquaculture,cutdownwaste,reducepollution,strengthenepidemicprevention,increaseagriculturalyieldandbeneconductautomaticreal-timecollectionandwirelesstransmissionofdataandcanoffersmarttreatment,ureponds,effectivelyimprovetheenvironmentforthegrowthofrivercrabs,enhancetheoutput,thenetincomeearnedpermucanreach1,,thechickenfarmsoftheDongzhongAnimalHusbandryofJiangsuprovincehasrealizedtheautomaticandaccuratecontroloversuchlinksasfeeding,breedingandcleaning,thusreducingthemanpowerby35%andincreasingthechickensurvivalsfrom93%tomorethan98%andtheeconomicbenefitbymorethan20%.y-makingandcommandlevelUsingtheInternetofthingstomonitorthegrowthofcrops,protectionofforests,animalhusbandryandaquaculturecanhelptoacquireaccurateperceptionsandmaketimely,thecropseedlingmonitoringsystemmountedinMengchengandDingyuanofAnhuiprovince,transmittedtheinformationintimeaboutthegrowthofwheatseedlingsandtheirsufferingfromdisasters,playinganimportant,emergency,communicationandcommandsystemandthroughthelong-distanceforestfireimagemonitoringandcommandsystem,thecityofNanjinghasrealizedthenetworkedlong-distancemonitoringofforestfiresandisinapositiontoconductmulti-levelcontrolandsharingofvideosandpicturesthatfthingstotheagriculturalsectorcanalsoturnfarmersintomodernagriculturalworkerslocallyandincreasefarmers,,bysettinguptheorganicvegetablebasesandthequalitytraceabilitysystem,hasrealizedthedistributionoforganicagriculturalproducts"fromfieldstokitchens",,butfarmerstimebuildingitselfintothelargestenterpriseofInternetofthingsoforganicagricultureintheYangtzeRiverDeltaareatohelp10,ApplyingAgriculturalInternetofThingsRelevantsurveysindicatethatsomeregionshaveattachedgreatimportancet,withthejointeffortsmadebythegovernment,enterprisesandinstitutionsofscientificresearch,greatprogre,tInlightofthestatepolicytowardstheagriculturalInternetofthings,JiangsuandAnhuiprovinceshaveattachedgreatimportancetostrengtheningplanningandguidance,hings(2009~1012)promulgatedinApril2010,JiangsuhasnotedthattheprovincialagriculturalcommissionshallberesponsibleforthedemonstrationprojectsofsmartagricultureandemphasisshouldbelaidondevelopingtheplatformsforpopularizingtheInternetofthingsaswellasplatformsforagriculturalservices,rovincialGovernmentonImplementingtheAgriculturalInformationAll-coverageProjectthatspecialfundsshouldbearrangedfor"acceleratingtheapplicationofsensor,communicationandcomputertechnologiesinagriculture".AnhuiprovincehasalsoputtheagriculturalInternetofthingsinanimportantposition,constantlystrengthenedtheirunderstandingoftherolesofagriculturalInternetofthings,activelystartedvariouskindsofdemonstrationactivitiesandgivenplaytotherolesoftheInternetofthingsindevelopingmodernagriculture. 、腾飞体育官方网站用户至上万亿下注网站ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".ByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)Source:ReportbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission2010andwebsiteofthePeoplehavedivertedtheirpreviouspolicyofofferingmajorcreditsupporttolarge,joint-stockandforeignenterprisestothepracticeoffocusingtheir,bytheendof2010,109commercialbankshadsetupinstitutionsspeciallyforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprises,andmanybankshavecomeupwithfinancialprodmall-andmedium-siz,ategiclevelforitsboardofdirectorsandtheheadofficeofthebankhasprovidedmajorbackingforcreditservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesintermsofmanpowerallocation,creditline,,70%~80%oftheincreasedloansin2010wereallspentonsmallandmicro-enterprises;intermsofmanpowerallocation,another600peoplewereassignedforloanservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesin2010,andanincreaseof2,500peopleorsoinallinthebankingsectorwereassignedforthesaidservice,makingup24%irectfinancingAccordingtostatistics,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinthecapitalmarketandtheam,,36companieswerelistedatgrowthenterprisesmarket(GEM)forbusinessstartupin2009,117werelistedin2010and47werelistedinthefirstthreemonthsof2011,ystem,14joint-stockcompanieshaveconducteddirectionalcapitalincreasefor15timesbyissuingshare,83enterpriseshavebeenlisted,,bytheendof2010,byissuingsuchdebtfinancinginstrumentsascommercialpaperandSMECN,small-andmedium-sizedenterprisesisgraduallyincreasingBytheendof2010,thenumberofinstitutionsofferingpettyloanshadreached2,614nationwide,upby1,280overtheendofthepreviousyear;,,priseshadreached5,547(Thenumberonlyreached97in2000),,,theamountofsecuredloansprovide,thenumberofprovince-levelcreditre-guaranteeinstitutionsforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprisesreached14.、DVORByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByChenXiaohongWangHuaiyu,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-EnterpriseRelationsforStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstitute,theDRCThispaperfirstpointsoutthatChinasintellectualproperty(IP),throughco-operationbetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesinimprovingtheIPsystem,e-innovationTheOutlineforChinasStrategyofIntellectualProperty(abbreviatedtoOutline),thefirstoneofitskindpromulgatedinJune2008bytheStateCouncil,hasdepictedthestatusquoofChinassystemofintellectualpropertyanditsapplicationandputforwardtheguidelines,strategictargetsandprioritieslaiddowninChinasstrategyofnimportantcontributiontotheformationofChinasstrategyofintelle,sinceChinassystemofintellectualpropertyhascomeintobeingforashortperiodoftimeandrelevantresearchhasbeeninadequate,ndentintellectualpropertyareinferiorinChina,peoplehadtofindoutwh,theOutlinealsoholdsthat"policiesandmeasuresrelatedtointellectualpropertyinlinewithnationalconditionsshouldbeadoptedvigorouslytoboostnationaldevelopment".Intermsofnationalcondition,exceptfortheemphasisontheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsinspecialareas,otherconspicuousmeasureandmethodshavenotbeenlaiddownintheOutlineItisattributabletothelessanduncleardiscussionoverthestatusquoandstrategisofthethenChineseenterprisesortechnicalinnovationandalsoduetothelessunderstandingoftheselectableplansforstrategiesandsystemofllectualproperty,itwil,withoutdefiniteandclearsolutionstotheproblems,itwillstillbehardtohaveacommonunderstandingofthetybasedontheguidingideologyconduciveto"re-innovation"yindependentand,ifChinascommitmentmadeatitsaccessiontoWTOisarestrictiveterm,thisformationmustbeinlinewithChinasnationalconditions,andespeciallyconformtoandcoordinatewiththestatusquoanstrategyoftechnicalinnovations(orinventions),technicalinnovationstrategiesandsignificanttechnicalinnovationstrat,,suchas20oreven30yearsinthefuture,icalsourceofothers,whichisknownastheenhancedinnovation(includingmajorenhancedinnovations).IntegratyconductedbyChineseenterprisesaremainlysecondaryinnovationorre-innovationandthatthesecondary-innovation,inthecontextoftheglobalizedmanufacturingindustry,willremaintheimmediatechoicefortheimprovementoftechnologiesforChina,arenownedJapaneseeconomist,wroteapaperin1999holdingthatuptothe1990simportantindustrtedinthesameyearalsofranklyimportedbasictechnologiesfromUSAandEuropeancountriesandhasimprovedthetechnologiesandusedperfectcapabilitiestomakenecessaryenhancementoftheproductionsites".EvenamongsevencategoriesofstrategicrisingindustrieslistedbyChinaandtobedevelopedin23direction,mostareindustrieswithtechnologiesfromdevelopedcountriesandareevensuccessfullycommercialized,withafewnumberofindustrialtechnologiesremainingunripe,butforeigncountriesaremostlytak,notonlyinChina,butevenindevelopedcountriessuchasUSA,ategicimportancetoChinasinnovationsatitspresentdevelopmentstageandinlightofChinafintellectualpropertyonthebasisofdefiningthebasicfeaturesandstrategiesoftechnicalinnovation:Weshouldnotonlystrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyofsuperiorobjectsandshouldallthebetterpayspecialattentiontotheencouragemlogicalprogressinindustriesneedingcontinuousandintegratedinnovation,strengtheningmotivation,supportandapplicationofre-innovationshouldbeanimportantresearchtopicforChinasstrategyofintellectualpropertyandbeanimportantorientationforthereadjustmentofChinatheprotectionoforiginalinnovation(orinvention)butislayingspecialemphasisonmotivatingthere-inventor(technicalinventor)whenbalancingtherighsystemofintellectualpropertyisinclinedtowardsoriginalinnovators(technicalinventers)andtheJapndregulationsgivingimpetustore-innovation,theinterrelationsbetweentherulesandregulationsandthemethodsofapplication,,thispaperwillnotdealwiththerelationsbetweenoriginalinventionandre-inventionindetail,butstillwantstopointoutthatpayingattentiontore-inventionorsecondary-innovation,asshownbyJapaneseexperience,willnotimpaistemofintellectualproperty(includingcoordinationwithrelevantsystems)shouldsupportandprotectre-innovationisvirtuallystressingthatthedesigningofthesystemshouldconformtrom"abusingtheiradvantages"bycapitalizingontheirforwardinventionsandintellectualpropertytohamperChineseenterprisesfromd,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,andruralsocialundertakingshavebeendevelopingrapidly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLiuShijin,Vice-MinisterofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,sEnergySupplyMoreInsecureTheextensiveconcernoverunityisasufficient,reliable,multi-channelandaffordablesupplyofoilandnaturalgasandanavailabilityofsuffic,,electricity,nucts,politicalinstabilityinenergy-producingcountriesandsecuritythreatstoenergyfacilities,,itsdependenceratioonforeigncrudeoilhasskyrocketedfrom6%in1993to45%in2006andmorethan50%snaturalgimportedenergy,Chinaisalwaysahighlypassiveacceptorandfindsitdifficulttoaenergysupplysecurity,someofthembeingimpossiblewhenChinawasclosedtotheoutsideworld.--ilandotherenergyproductsandrefusestoincreasesupplybytakingadvantageofitsopeningup,--,globalenergysupplyoffersamuchwideranddiversifiedspaceintermsofregions,sourcesandvarieties.--Commoninterestswi,somecountriesmayverywellcauseinsecuritytoChinahopeningupinenergyproduction,transport,saleanddemand,thecompetitorswillhavetofaceh,refusingtocooperateconstitutesabasicconditionforbothsidestofeelinsecure.--Promotingtechnologicalexchangeandcooperationinenergysupply,energyconservationandnewproductdevelopmentandencouraginginnovationscanincreaselongandmedium-termenergysecurity.--sworld,theenergyandecon,andenergysecurity,whichisinter-relatedandhighlyexclusive,lengeofenergysecurity,andstayingawa,higherdependenceonforeignenergiesandespeciallyonforeignoilwhenacountryope,ratherthannarrowed,thespacetoensureChinarityhavebeenvisiblyincreased,,China,thedependenceonforeigncrudeoilismorethan60%fortheUnitedStatesand100%,avoidtheunfavorableones,andconsolidatethecornerstoneofChinareitsenergysecurityinthenewsituationofopeningup,Chinamustproceedfromitspracticalconditions,earnestlystudyanddrawoninternationalexperiences,andidentifyseveralstrategicpriorities.--,buttospreaseoilsupplyfromCentralAsia,ghydropower,nu--,Chinamaycooperatewithint,,storage,,Chinashouldencouragejoint-,morethanhalfofChina,theinterestsofforeigninvestorsandtheirhomecountrieswillinevitablybeaffected.。

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